the cheapest car insurance cost of car insurance best car insurance quotes insurance auto insurance quotes car get car insurance quotes online car insurance agent instant car insurance quote car insurance websites direct car insurance insure a car motor car insurance quote cheap car insurance online quotes for car insurance car insurers commercial car insurance motor insurance quote car insurance quotes online get a quote online international health insurance compare car insurance quotes insurance for car compare car insurance car insurance buy life insurance online compare auto insurance international medical insurance general car insurance cheap motor insurance low car insurance car insurance comparison company car insurance budget car insurance private health insurance online quote car insurance cheap motor car insurance car insurance for new drivers cheap car insurance quotes online online car insurance quotes get car insurance quotes car insurance quotes comparison motor car insurance car insurance quotes car insurance cheap comprehensive car insurance best auto insurance short term health insurance motor insurance cheap online car insurance online motor insurance quotes car insurance california buycarinsurance online vehicle insurance free car insurance quotes landlord insurance health insurance for children motorbike insurance monthly car insurance car insurance usa car insurance reviews car insurance renewal quotes vehicle insurance health insurance rates term life insurance quotes vehicle insurance quotes car insurance compare motor vehicle insurance best car insurance motor insurance online quote car insurance online quote life insurance online supplemental health insurance best car insurance rates car insurance discounts motor vehicle insurance quotes auto insurance cheap travel insurance bike insurance travel medical insurance buy car insurance online online motor insurance travel insurance quote get a quote for car insurance health insurance agent car insurance companies cheap car insurance companies travel insurance annual travel insurance commercial vehicle insurance permanent life insurance medical insurance quotes online car insurance cheap car insurance quotes car insurance online quote insurance online level term life insurance health insurance comparison how much is car insurance travel health insurance pet health insurance quotes on cars health ins travel insurance uk quote for car insurance get insurance quote online disability insurance quote temporary health insurance temporary insurance rental car insurance cheap health insurance auto insurance compare third party car insurance buy health insurance auto insurance quotes cheap insurance companies best term life insurance personal health insurance online quote insurance car insurance premium health insurance policies quotes for cars whole life insurance credit insurance cheap van insurance cheap term life insurance cheap motorcycle insurance compare life insurance car insurance cover health insurance motorcycle insurance short term car insurance health insurance coverage insurance qoute cheap life insurance house insurance quote car insurance uk health insurance companies cigna health insurance cheap insurance cheap car insurance uk compare health insurance car insurance for young drivers short term insurance online health insurance caravan insurance life insurance comparison direct insurance health insurance plans motor insurance online car insurance estimator accident insurance home insurance quotes nj car insurance new car insurance private medical insurance home insurance car insurance brokers car insurance rates commercial insurance health insurance quotes motor insurance companies which car insurance car quotes online online auto insurance flood insurance cheap auto insurance quotes car insurance agencies business health insurance term life insurance truck insurance professional indemnity insurance life insurance car insurance policy long term care insurance drive insurance buy insurance car ins motorcycle insurance quote critical illness insurance term insurance student health insurance home insurance comparison insurance rates insurance cover holiday insurance insurance sites online vehicle insurance quotes company website home insurance rates compare insurance buy insurance online affordable medical insurance car insurance coverage product liability insurance home contents insurance buy life insurance renters insurance group health insurance family health insurance motor insurance quote online mortgage insurance best home insurance personal insurance medical insurance property insurance life insurance agent group insurance aetna health insurance cheap medical insurance liability insurance rental insurance life insurance policy group life insurance general liability insurance insurance quotes online all car insurance companies best health insurance insurance plans life insurance for seniors van insurance website quote universal life insurance building insurance co insurance insurance car car insurance prices disability insurance insurance vehicle cheap vehicle insurance senior life insurance medical insurance plans insurance health house insurance life insurance quotes car quotes cheap home insurance business insurance com bank credit card lowest credit card eligibility no fee credit cards best credit card compare how can i apply for credit card business credit cards cheapest credit card company credit card corporate credit card apply for a credit card online 0 apr credit cards how can i get credit card get a credit card open credit card usa credit card instant credit card approval store credit cards credit card shopping airline miles credit card frequent flyer credit cards hotel credit cards best credit card deals compare credit miles credit card credit card consolidation college student credit cards how do i apply for a credit card gold credit card how to open credit card apply for credit card eligibility for credit card credit card verification credit card offers online credit card application form which credit card to apply how can i get a credit card credit card online apply credit cards uk 0 credit cards looking for credit card offers credit card information bank credit card application travel credit cards what is a credit card credit card sign up master credit card cash back cards platinum credit card compare visa cards credit bank credit card no interest credit cards cheap credit cards 0 credit card offers online credit new credit cards application of credit card how to apply for credit card apply card credit online credit card deals premier credit card mastercard credit card how to get credit card apply credit card credit card application credit companies creditcard cash back credit cards airline credit cards cash credit card credit card rates student credit cards apply credit card online how to apply credit card interest free credit card secured credit card best travel credit card capital one credit card online credit card application credit cards with no annual fee new credit card offers apply online credit card credit card apply online best rewards credit card city credit card how to get a credit card credit card counseling rebate credit card mastercard debit card credit card debt best credit cards to apply for best credit cards apply for credit card online credit card apply how to apply for a credit card apply for new credit card credit card rebate best credit card comparison apply for visa card online cim credit card good credit cards credit card cash back best cash back credit cards mastercard credit card application credit card checker credit card mastercard instant credit card card compare credit card rewards programs compare the best credit cards apply visa card cash rebate credit card bankruptcy credit cards card offers instant approval credit cards credit card online application credit cards for students how to sign up for credit card uk credit cards credit card account about credit card visa card apply online credit card compare site secured mastercard visa card application credit card rewards credit rating how can we get credit card visa credit card rewards card online credit card processing capital credit card credit card visa consolidate credit cards credit card processing credit card reviews apply new credit card business credit card application credit cards with cash back credit card reader credit card instant approval online apply credit card bad credit credit cards credit card selection online visa card pay with credit card credit card charges visa or mastercard credit card machine apply a credit card small business credit cards prepaid debit cards visa debit card mbna credit card credit card terminal card credit application credit card generator credit card balance credit card numbers credit card transfer credit card interest rates credit card interest gold card credit card online best rate credit cards credit card low interest visa card online online credit card how to apply a credit card 0 interest credit cards debit card the cheapest car insurance cost of car insurance best car insurance quotes insurance auto insurance quotes car get car insurance quotes online car insurance agent instant car insurance quote car insurance websites direct car insurance insure a car motor car insurance quote cheap car insurance online quotes for car insurance car insurers commercial car insurance motor insurance quote car insurance quotes online get a quote online international health insurance compare car insurance quotes insurance for car compare car insurance car insurance buy life insurance online compare auto insurance international medical insurance general car insurance cheap motor insurance low car insurance car insurance comparison company car insurance budget car insurance private health insurance online quote car insurance cheap motor car insurance car insurance for new drivers cheap car insurance quotes online online car insurance quotes get car insurance quotes car insurance quotes comparison motor car insurance car insurance quotes car insurance cheap comprehensive car insurance best auto insurance short term health insurance motor insurance cheap online car insurance online motor insurance quotes car insurance california buycarinsurance online vehicle insurance free car insurance quotes landlord insurance health insurance for children motorbike insurance monthly car insurance car insurance usa car insurance reviews car insurance renewal quotes vehicle insurance health insurance rates term life insurance quotes vehicle insurance quotes car insurance compare motor vehicle insurance best car insurance motor insurance online quote car insurance online quote life insurance online supplemental health insurance best car insurance rates car insurance discounts motor vehicle insurance quotes auto insurance cheap travel insurance bike insurance travel medical insurance buy car insurance online online motor insurance travel insurance quote get a quote for car insurance health insurance agent car insurance companies cheap car insurance companies travel insurance annual travel insurance commercial vehicle insurance permanent life insurance medical insurance quotes online car insurance cheap car insurance quotes car insurance online quote insurance online level term life insurance health insurance comparison how much is car insurance travel health insurance pet health insurance quotes on cars health ins travel insurance uk quote for car insurance get insurance quote online disability insurance quote temporary health insurance temporary insurance rental car insurance cheap health insurance auto insurance compare third party car insurance buy health insurance auto insurance quotes cheap insurance companies best term life insurance personal health insurance online quote insurance car insurance premium health insurance policies quotes for cars whole life insurance credit insurance cheap van insurance cheap term life insurance cheap motorcycle insurance compare life insurance car insurance cover health insurance motorcycle insurance short term car insurance health insurance coverage insurance qoute cheap life insurance house insurance quote car insurance uk health insurance companies cigna health insurance cheap insurance cheap car insurance uk compare health insurance car insurance for young drivers short term insurance online health insurance caravan insurance life insurance comparison direct insurance health insurance plans motor insurance online car insurance estimator accident insurance home insurance quotes nj car insurance new car insurance private medical insurance home insurance car insurance brokers car insurance rates commercial insurance health insurance quotes motor insurance companies which car insurance car quotes online online auto insurance flood insurance cheap auto insurance quotes car insurance agencies business health insurance term life insurance truck insurance professional indemnity insurance life insurance car insurance policy long term care insurance drive insurance buy insurance car ins motorcycle insurance quote critical illness insurance term insurance student health insurance home insurance comparison insurance rates insurance cover holiday insurance insurance sites online vehicle insurance quotes company website home insurance rates compare insurance buy insurance online affordable medical insurance car insurance coverage product liability insurance home contents insurance buy life insurance renters insurance group health insurance family health insurance motor insurance quote online mortgage insurance best home insurance personal insurance medical insurance property insurance life insurance agent group insurance aetna health insurance cheap medical insurance liability insurance rental insurance life insurance policy group life insurance general liability insurance insurance quotes online all car insurance companies best health insurance insurance plans life insurance for seniors van insurance website quote universal life insurance building insurance co insurance insurance car car insurance prices disability insurance insurance vehicle cheap vehicle insurance senior life insurance medical insurance plans insurance health house insurance life insurance quotes car quotes cheap home insurance business insurance com bank credit card lowest credit card eligibility no fee credit cards best credit card compare how can i apply for credit card business credit cards cheapest credit card company credit card corporate credit card apply for a credit card online 0 apr credit cards how can i get credit card get a credit card open credit card usa credit card instant credit card approval store credit cards credit card shopping airline miles credit card frequent flyer credit cards hotel credit cards best credit card deals compare credit miles credit card credit card consolidation college student credit cards how do i apply for a credit card gold credit card how to open credit card apply for credit card eligibility for credit card credit card verification credit card offers online credit card application form which credit card to apply how can i get a credit card credit card online apply credit cards uk 0 credit cards looking for credit card offers credit card information bank credit card application travel credit cards what is a credit card credit card sign up master credit card cash back cards platinum credit card compare visa cards credit bank credit card no interest credit cards cheap credit cards 0 credit card offers online credit new credit cards application of credit card how to apply for credit card apply card credit online credit card deals premier credit card mastercard credit card how to get credit card apply credit card credit card application credit companies creditcard cash back credit cards airline credit cards cash credit card credit card rates student credit cards apply credit card online how to apply credit card interest free credit card secured credit card best travel credit card capital one credit card online credit card application credit cards with no annual fee new credit card offers apply online credit card credit card apply online best rewards credit card city credit card how to get a credit card credit card counseling rebate credit card mastercard debit card credit card debt best credit cards to apply for best credit cards apply for credit card online credit card apply how to apply for a credit card apply for new credit card credit card rebate best credit card comparison apply for visa card online cim credit card good credit cards credit card cash back best cash back credit cards mastercard credit card application credit card checker credit card mastercard instant credit card card compare credit card rewards programs compare the best credit cards apply visa card cash rebate credit card bankruptcy credit cards card offers instant approval credit cards credit card online application credit cards for students how to sign up for credit card uk credit cards credit card account about credit card visa card apply online credit card compare site secured mastercard visa card application credit card rewards credit rating how can we get credit card visa credit card rewards card online credit card processing capital credit card credit card visa consolidate credit cards credit card processing credit card reviews apply new credit card business credit card application credit cards with cash back credit card reader credit card instant approval online apply credit card bad credit credit cards credit card selection online visa card pay with credit card credit card charges visa or mastercard credit card machine apply a credit card small business credit cards prepaid debit cards visa debit card mbna credit card credit card terminal card credit application credit card generator credit card balance credit card numbers credit card transfer credit card interest rates credit card interest gold card credit card online best rate credit cards credit card low interest visa card online online credit card how to apply a credit card 0 interest credit cards debit card the cheapest car insurance cost of car insurance best car insurance quotes insurance auto insurance quotes car get car insurance quotes online car insurance agent instant car insurance quote car insurance websites direct car insurance insure a car motor car insurance quote cheap car insurance online quotes for car insurance car insurers commercial car insurance motor insurance quote car insurance quotes online get a quote online international health insurance compare car insurance quotes insurance for car compare car insurance car insurance buy life insurance online compare auto insurance international medical insurance general car insurance cheap motor insurance low car insurance car insurance comparison company car insurance budget car insurance private health insurance online quote car insurance cheap motor car insurance car insurance for new drivers cheap car insurance quotes online online car insurance quotes get car insurance quotes car insurance quotes comparison motor car insurance car insurance quotes car insurance cheap comprehensive car insurance best auto insurance short term health insurance motor insurance cheap online car insurance online motor insurance quotes car insurance california buycarinsurance online vehicle insurance free car insurance quotes landlord insurance health insurance for children motorbike insurance monthly car insurance car insurance usa car insurance reviews car insurance renewal quotes vehicle insurance health insurance rates term life insurance quotes vehicle insurance quotes car insurance compare motor vehicle insurance best car insurance motor insurance online quote car insurance online quote life insurance online supplemental health insurance best car insurance rates car insurance discounts motor vehicle insurance quotes auto insurance cheap travel insurance bike insurance travel medical insurance buy car insurance online online motor insurance travel insurance quote get a quote for car insurance health insurance agent car insurance companies cheap car insurance companies travel insurance annual travel insurance commercial vehicle insurance permanent life insurance medical insurance quotes online car insurance cheap car insurance quotes car insurance online quote insurance online level term life insurance health insurance comparison how much is car insurance travel health insurance pet health insurance quotes on cars health ins travel insurance uk quote for car insurance get insurance quote online disability insurance quote temporary health insurance temporary insurance rental car insurance cheap health insurance auto insurance compare third party car insurance buy health insurance auto insurance quotes cheap insurance companies best term life insurance personal health insurance online quote insurance car insurance premium health insurance policies quotes for cars whole life insurance credit insurance cheap van insurance cheap term life insurance cheap motorcycle insurance compare life insurance car insurance cover health insurance motorcycle insurance short term car insurance health insurance coverage insurance qoute cheap life insurance house insurance quote car insurance uk health insurance companies cigna health insurance cheap insurance cheap car insurance uk compare health insurance car insurance for young drivers short term insurance online health insurance caravan insurance life insurance comparison direct insurance health insurance plans motor insurance online car insurance estimator accident insurance home insurance quotes nj car insurance new car insurance private medical insurance home insurance car insurance brokers car insurance rates commercial insurance health insurance quotes motor insurance companies which car insurance car quotes online online auto insurance flood insurance cheap auto insurance quotes car insurance agencies business health insurance term life insurance truck insurance professional indemnity insurance life insurance car insurance policy long term care insurance drive insurance buy insurance car ins motorcycle insurance quote critical illness insurance term insurance student health insurance home insurance comparison insurance rates insurance cover holiday insurance insurance sites online vehicle insurance quotes company website home insurance rates compare insurance buy insurance online affordable medical insurance car insurance coverage product liability insurance home contents insurance buy life insurance renters insurance group health insurance family health insurance motor insurance quote online mortgage insurance best home insurance personal insurance medical insurance property insurance life insurance agent group insurance aetna health insurance cheap medical insurance liability insurance rental insurance life insurance policy group life insurance general liability insurance insurance quotes online all car insurance companies best health insurance insurance plans life insurance for seniors van insurance website quote universal life insurance building insurance co insurance insurance car car insurance prices disability insurance insurance vehicle cheap vehicle insurance senior life insurance medical insurance plans insurance health house insurance life insurance quotes car quotes cheap home insurance business insurance com bank credit card lowest credit card eligibility no fee credit cards best credit card compare how can i apply for credit card business credit cards cheapest credit card company credit card corporate credit card apply for a credit card online 0 apr credit cards how can i get credit card get a credit card open credit card usa credit card instant credit card approval store credit cards credit card shopping airline miles credit card frequent flyer credit cards hotel credit cards best credit card deals compare credit miles credit card credit card consolidation college student credit cards how do i apply for a credit card gold credit card how to open credit card apply for credit card eligibility for credit card credit card verification credit card offers online credit card application form which credit card to apply how can i get a credit card credit card online apply credit cards uk 0 credit cards looking for credit card offers credit card information bank credit card application travel credit cards what is a credit card credit card sign up master credit card cash back cards platinum credit card compare visa cards credit bank credit card no interest credit cards cheap credit cards 0 credit card offers online credit new credit cards application of credit card how to apply for credit card apply card credit online credit card deals premier credit card mastercard credit card how to get credit card apply credit card credit card application credit companies creditcard cash back credit cards airline credit cards cash credit card credit card rates student credit cards apply credit card online how to apply credit card interest free credit card secured credit card best travel credit card capital one credit card online credit card application credit cards with no annual fee new credit card offers apply online credit card credit card apply online best rewards credit card city credit card how to get a credit card credit card counseling rebate credit card mastercard debit card credit card debt best credit cards to apply for best credit cards apply for credit card online credit card apply how to apply for a credit card apply for new credit card credit card rebate best credit card comparison apply for visa card online cim credit card good credit cards credit card cash back best cash back credit cards mastercard credit card application credit card checker credit card mastercard instant credit card card compare credit card rewards programs compare the best credit cards apply visa card cash rebate credit card bankruptcy credit cards card offers instant approval credit cards credit card online application credit cards for students how to sign up for credit card uk credit cards credit card account about credit card visa card apply online credit card compare site secured mastercard visa card application credit card rewards credit rating how can we get credit card visa credit card rewards card online credit card processing capital credit card credit card visa consolidate credit cards credit card processing credit card reviews apply new credit card business credit card application credit cards with cash back credit card reader credit card instant approval online apply credit card bad credit credit cards credit card selection online visa card pay with credit card credit card charges visa or mastercard credit card machine apply a credit card small business credit cards prepaid debit cards visa debit card mbna credit card credit card terminal card credit application credit card generator credit card balance credit card numbers credit card transfer credit card interest rates credit card interest gold card credit card online best rate credit cards credit card low interest visa card online online credit card how to apply a credit card 0 interest credit cards debit card

24 Tips Paling Mujarab dan Efektif untuk Menangani, Mengobati serta Mencegah Keracunan (Poisoned)

Beberapa waktu lalu, kita dikejutkan dengan berita di televisi mengenai seseorang yang mencoba bunuh diri dengan meminum cairan kimia, kasus keracunan yang menimpa sejumlah warga masyarakat ketika menyantap hidangan pada sebuah acara hajatan/pesta bahkan yang tidak kalah hebohnya kasus keracunan siswa sekolah dasar setelah menyantap jajanan yang dijual di depan sekolah mereka. Korban yang awalnya tampak sehat, mendadak kejang-kejang, pusing, mual, muntah, sakit perut (diare), sulit bernapas, tanpa diketahui penyebabnya. Selain kasus diatas, ada juga keracunan akibat terpapar cairan kimia, menghirup gas beracun, over dosis obat, mengkonsumsi obat-obatan terlarang (narkoba), mengkonsumsi minuman beralkohol miras oplosan, gigitan atau sengatan binatang berbisa, tersentuh tanaman beracun, dsb. Pada kasus-kasus keracunan tersebut, tidak jarang berujung pada kematian akibat korban tidak mendapat pertolongan pertama dikarenakan ketidaktahuan atau minimnya pengetahuan masyarakat terhadap cara penanganan korban keracunan secara benar dan tepat.

Sebenarnya apa sih yang dimaksud dengan keracunan ? Keracunan berasal dari kata dasar racun. Pengertian racun sendiri adalah suatu zat (padat, cair, gas) atau senyawa kimia tertentu yang bila masuk ke dalam tubuh, akan menimbulkan reaksi kimia atau aktivitas lainnya pada sistem biologis, kelainan pada tubuh, menyebabkan gangguan kesehatan (sakit), kerusakan organ (sel) dalam tubuh (luka), bahkan menimbulkan kematian. Zat atau senyawa yang dapat menimbulkan keracunan bisa berbentuk padat (obat-obatan, serbuk kimia, jamur, dsb), gas (CO, CO2, NH3, dsb), cair (alkohol, bensin, minyak tanah, bahan kimia, dsb). Racun tersebut akan masuk ke dalam tubuh baik sengaja misal karena percobaan bunuh diri (tentamen suicide) dan pembunuhan (homicide) atau tanpa sengaja/kecelakaan (accidental), melalui berbagai cara, antara lain :
  1. Mulut atau oral (terminum atau tertelan), yakni pada kasus keracunan makanan dan minuman, yang selanjutnya racun menuju dan mengganggu saluran pencernaan,
  2. Hidung (terhirup), yakni pada kasus keracunan akibat menghirup gas beracun, yang selanjutnya racun menuju dan mengganggu saluran pernapasan menyebabkan
  3. Kulit atau topical (terserap atau tersuntik) atau terkena mata, yakni pada kasus keracunan akibat gigitan serangga, binatang berbisa, tersentuh tanaman beracun, terkena bahan kimia, dsb yang selanjutnya racun memasuki peredaran darah dan mengganggu jaringan kulit dan organ tubuh lainnya.
Jadi keracunan merupakan suatu keadaan darurat akibat masuknya suatu zat atau bahan kimia tertentu ke dalam tubuh melalui saluran pernapasan, saluran perncernaan, atau melalui kulit yang dapat menyebabkan gangguan kesehatan bahkan mengakibatkan kematian seseorang.

Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari kita sering mendengar istilah yang hampir sama dengan racun yakni toksin dan bisa. Toksin adalah racun yang dihasilkan melalui proses biologi, sedangkan bisa merupakan zat beracun yang dihasilkan oleh hewan (misal ular, lebah, kalajengking, kelabang, dsb) dengan tujuan untuk pertahanan diridan melumpuhkan mangsa/lawannya melalui gigitan ataupun suntikan (sengatan).

Gejala dan tanda-tanda keracunan berbeda-beda, tergantung jenis, bahan penyebabnya serta cara masuk ke dalam tubuh. Berikut uraian lengkap mengenai beberapa penyebab serta gejala keracunan, antara lain :
  1. Gigitan atau sengatan serangga atau binatang berbisa. Gejala klinis seperti : bentol-bentol, kulit melepuh, bengkak, nyeri otot dan sakit pada bekas sengatan atau gigitan, jantung berdebar keras, pandangan kabur, pusing, mual, muntah, pendarahan pada mata, hidung, gusi, dan tubuh membiru.
  2. Mengkonsumsi makanan yang mengandung senyawa kimia berbahaya (pengawet, pewarna, pemanis buatan), atau bahan makanan seperti jengkol, jamur, singkong, atau makanan yang kadaluarsa (expired), sehingga makanan itu berubah menjadi racun, dsb. Gejala klinis seperti : mual, muntah, perut terasa panas (sakit perut), diare, rasa haus, pusing (sakit kepala), tubuh lemas, sesak napas, berkeringat,mengeluarkan bau khas, kejang-kejang (konvulsi), tidak sadarkan diri (pingsan), mata menonjol dengan bola mata membesar, mulut berbusa terkadang bercampur darah, warna kulit menjadi kebiru-biruan karena kekurangan oksigen.
  3. Terkontaminasi bakteri seperti clostridium botulinum (menyerang bagian saraf), salmonella, streptococcus, staphylococcus (menyebabkan diare), dsb. Gejala klinis seperti : pandangan kabur, refleks mata terhadap cahaya menurun (negative), kelumpuhan pada otot mata, mual, muntah, nyeri perut, diare mirip disentri, dehidrasi, demam, sakit kepala, kelumpuhan ada syaraf otak, sulit berbicara, sulit menelan, bahkan kelumpuhan anggota tubuh lainnya.
  4. Terminum senyawa hidrokarbon seperti minyak tanah (kerosene), bensin, minyak cat/terpentin, thinner, dsb. Gejala klinis seperti : mual, muntah, sakit pada perut, diare, tubuh kejang-kejang, tidak sadarkan diri, batuk mengeluarkan darah,, sesak napas, kulit membiru.
  5. Terminum bahan kimia berbahaya seperti cairan pestisida (bahan kimia pembunuh hama seperti insektisida (pembasmi serangga), fungisida (pembasmi jamur), dan Herbisida (pembasmi tanaman pengganggu/gulma), termasuk cairan pembersih rumah tangga, dsb. Gejala klinis seperti : air mata keluar secara berlebihan, mata berkunang-kunang, muka pucat, sakit perut (diare), mual, muntah, gemetar, kerusakan lambung, sesak napas, denyut jantung lambat, gula darah tinggi (hiperglikemia), kejang-kejang, sempoyongan, tidak sadarkan diri, serta mulut mengeluarkan busa.
  6. Kulit/mata terpapar atau terkena bahan kimia yang bersifat korosif yakni bersifat asam kuat (asam sulfat, asam astetat, asam klorida, asam nitrat,dsb) atau basa kuat (natrium hidroksida, kalium hidroksida, dsb). Gejala klinis : kerusakan pada mata (kebutaan), kulit mengalami luka bakar, gangguan sistem pernapasan, mengakibatkan cacat permanen pada jaringan yang terkena/terpapar.
  7. Menghirup gas beracun atau gas yang dihasilkan dari reaksi senyawa kimia, misal CO (carbon monoksida), amoniak, sulfur klorida, belerang oksida, dsb. Gejala klinis : sakit kepala, mual, muntah, merasa sangat lelah, keringat bercucuran, sesak atau sukar bernapas, gangguan penglihatan, kehilangan kesadaran, tubuh membiru akibat kurangnya oksigen karena sel darah tidak dapat mengikat oksigen
  8. Mabuk karena mengkonsumsi minuman beralkohol, dengan gejala klinis : gangguan penglihatan, pusing, mual, muntah, bau alcohol, sakit perut, kejang, koma, tidak sadarkan diri.
Bila anda mendapati orang yang sedang mengalami keracunan, segera lakukan tindakan untuk menyelamatkan jiwanya melalui tindakan yang bertujuan mencegah penyerapan (menghambat absorbsi) dan mengeluarkan racun dan hasil reaksinya dari dalam tubuh kurang dari 4 jam setelah racun masuk kedalam tubuh (melalui oral atau topical) atau kurang dari 15 menit bila racun terhirup (seperti terhirup gas beracun). Mengenai cara-caranya, yuk kita simak 24 Tips paling mujarab dan efektif untuk menangani, mengobati serta mencegah keracunan (poisoned), sebagai berikut :
Penanganan dan pengobatan :
  1. Bila tersengat binatang berbisa dan kasusnya ringan contoh digigit serangga seperti semut, lebah, dsb maka cukup dioleskan minyak kayu putih atau balsam pada bekas sengatan. Untuk jenis bisa akibat gigitan kalajengking dengan cara mengeluarkan darah pada daerah dekat gigitan dengan menusukan jarum yang sudah steril (dipanaskan di api), setelah keluar darah lalu pijat sampai darah yang bercampur bisa keluar, lanjutkan dengan membersihkan bekas gigitan dengan air hangat dan sabun.
  2. Bila terkena gigitan ular berbisa, maka keluarkan segera darah pada bagian yang terkena dengan menghisap menggunakan teknik bekam. Caranya : ambil sebuah botol, lalu panaskan sehingga sebagian besar udara keluar dari dalam botol. Tekan bagian mulut botol itu dengan kuat pada bagian bekas gigitan, sehingga ketika botol itu menjadi dingin, bisa pada luka gigitan akan terhisap. Diamkan botol tersebut di bagian luka selama beberapa menit. Ulangi cara ini beberapa kali, setelah itu bilas dengan air yang mengalir, lebih baik lagi bila menggunakan larutan PK. Selanjutnya anda perlu mengikat agar otot sekitar gigitan tidak berkontraksi dan banyak pergerakan, gunakan perban katun elastic, ukuran lebar sekitar 10 cm, dengan panjang bisa disesuaikan kebutuhan. Lalu balutkan kuat mulai dari ujung kaki (kalau bagian kaki yang terkena gigitan) sampai bagian yang terdekat dengan gigitan seperti membalut kaki terkilir dengan ikatan tidak terlalu kencang agar aliran darah tetap lancar, lalu sesegera mungkin korban dibawa ke dokter atau klinik kesehatan untuk mendapatkan penanganan dengan pemberian serum anti bisa ular (antivenin) yang terbuat dari serum kuda dengan antibodi terhadap beberapa jenis bisa ular (ular cobra, ular belang) atau dengan crotalinae polyvalent immune fab (ovine) yakni antivenin yang berasal dari serum domba.
  3. Bila keracunan makanan seperti jamur, jengkol, singkong, maka usahakan agar oksigen dapat dengan mudah dihirup korban, buka pakaian agar pori-pori kulit mendapat udara, berikan putih telur yang dicampur susu atau minum air kelapa muda sebagai pertolongan pertama untuk mencuci lambung dan merangsang muntah, jika terjadi gangguan pernapasan segera berikan bantuan pernapasan buatan, dan selanjutnya bawa korban ke dokter atau pusat kesehatan untuk mendapatkan penanganan lebih lanjut
  4. Bila keracunan senyawa hidrokarbon dan insektisida, maka usahakan agar korban muntah dengan merangsang rongga mulut bagian belakang dengan jari telunjuk, baringkan tengkurap atau atur posisi kepala lebih rendah (membungkukkan) sehingga bahan berbahaya yang tertelan dapat segera dikeluarkan atau dimuntahkan, buka seluruh pakaian agar tubuh mendapat udara dan oksigen mudah terhirup, berikan karbon aktif misal norit . Namun bila korban tidak sadarkan diri, maka segera dilarikan ke klinik kesehatan atau rumah sakit. Biasanya dokter akan melakukan oksigenasi, membilas lambung dengan memasukan selang khusus dan mengalirkan NaCl (air garam) serta memberikan antibiotic.
  5. Bila keracunan alcohol, upayakan untuk muntah, siram korban dengan air dingin, selimuti tubuh korban agar hangat, segera bawa ke klinik atau pusat kesehatan
  6. Untuk menghentikan penyerapan racun yang termakan/tertelan, dengan memberikan cairan (air putih) dalam jumlah banyak dan memberikan tablet karbon aktif atau arang aktif yang mampu menyerap racun (misal merk norit). Karbon aktif hanya menyerap racun yang masih berada pada saluran pencernaan (belum terangkut dalam darah). Alternatif lain dengan memberikan minuman susu dicampur putih telur dan 200 ml air dan meminumkannya, sehingga racun yang tertelan dapat diikat serta merangsang muntah agar makanan atau minuman beracun bisa turut keluar.
  7. Bila terhirup gas beracun, bawa korban ke tempat terbuka (udara bebas), jangan banyak pergerakan, siram tubuhnya dengan air dingin, selimuti tubuhnya, berikan oksigen (oksigenasi), bila korban tak sadarkan diri lakukan pemijatan pada tangan dan kakinya, serta berikan bantuan pernapasan, selanjutnya bawa korban ke klinik kesehatan atau rumah sakit
  8. Bila terpapar/terkena pada kulit atau kepala, segera cuci (siram) bagian yang terkena dengan air mengalir sebanyak dan secepat mungkin, bersihkan dengan sabun, jika terkena di bagian kulit kepala segera keramas dan guyur dengan air sebanyak mungkin.
  9. Bila terkena bagian mata, segera lipat kelopak mata keluar, bersihkan dengan air mengalir sekitar 15 menit, lalu berikan obat tetes mata, dan segera bawa ke klinik atau pusat kesehatan..
  10. Bila racun ditimbulkan oleh toksin yang dikeluarkan bakteri, korban diberi minum banyak air (cairan), dan segera dibawa untuk dirawat di klinik kesehatan atau rumah sakit, karena pertolongan hanya dapat dilakukan dengan penyuntikan serum antitoksin (anti biotic) yang khusus untuk bakteri tertentu.
  11. Anda juga bisa menggunakan obat alami seperti jahe, madu-propolis, habbatussauda, untuk menetralisir racun. Selengkapnya mengenai khasiat obat tersebut dapat anda baca pada artikel disini.
Pencegahan :
  1. Simpan bahan kimia berbahaya seperti cairan pembersih rumah tangga (detergen, pemutih pakaian, pembersih lantai, pembersih toilet, dsb) secara benar pada wadah tertutup rapat di tempat yang aman (terkunci) dan jauh dari jangkauan anak-anak.
  2. Jangan menyimpan produk pembersih rumah tangga dekat dengan tempat penyimpanan makanan
  3. Jangan menggunakan kemasan kosong tanpa label untuk menyimpan bahan kimia, simpanlah produk dalam kemasan dan label aslinya, serta jangan memakai wadah bekas bahan kimia (kaleng bekas cat/thinner, wadah/tong plastic, jerigen, dsb) untuk menyimpan bahan makanan seperti tepung, minyak goreng, beras, gula, sayuran, buahan, lauk pauk, dsb. Atau sebaliknya menyimpan produk bahan kimia pada wadah bekas makanan/minuman misal kaleng bekas biscuit, botol air mineral, botol kaca minuman, dsb karena salah-salah bisa tercampur saat memproses makanan.
  4. Gunakan obat sesuai dosis yang dianjurkan dokter, agar tidak terjadi kasus keracunan akibat overdosis dan jangan sekali-kali mencoba untuk mengkonsumsi obat terlarang karena sama artinya anda meracuni diri sendiri dan mencoba bunuh diri. Mengkonsumsi narkoba selain mengganggu kesehatan dan keselamatan jiwa anda, juga sama artinya anda berteman/bersekutu dengan setan dan haram hukumnya dalam Islam.
  5. Sediakan tablet arang aktif (misal norit) pada kotak P3K di rumah. Tablet arang aktif ini berguna untuk mengikat racun yang tertelan/termakan dan berada pada saluran pencernaan seperti lambung dan usus halus, sehingga dapat mencegah racun terserap oleh tubuh.
  6. Untuk mencegah keracunan makanan, masak semua produk makanan secara matang sempurna. Bila memasak bahan makanan jenis daging pastikan tidak lagi berwarna merah muda.
  7. Periksa kondisi fisik kemasan dan tanggal kadaluarsa produk bahan makanan/minuman. Jangan mengkonsumsi produk yang sudah kadaluarsa atau kemasannya sudah rusak karena berpotensi terkontaminasi bakteri.
  8. Periksa kondisi bahan makanan (bau, warna, bentuk) untuk memastikan keamanannya sebelum memproses lebih lanjut.
  9. Buah-buahan dan sayuran agar dicuci bersih sebelum dimasak atau disajikan.untuk menghindari terkontaminasi pestisida
  10. Jangan mengkonsumsi susu yang tidak disterilkan (pasteurisasi), telur mentah atau setengah matang dan air yang tidak steril (tidak dimasak atau kotor).
  11. Basuh tangan dengan sabun setelah memegang hewan peliharaan, memberi pakan, membersihkan kotoran, membersihkan tanaman, atau berkebun karena bisa jadi ada racun yang tanpa sengaja menempel atau ada serbuk dari tanaman yang beracun.
  12. Bila anda sedang sakit diare atau muntah, jangan menyiapkan makanan atau minuman bagi orang lain, karena bisa jadi akan membuat mereka terkontaminasi (keracunan).
  13. Untuk meminimalisir gigitan binatang berbisa, sebaiknya memakai pakaian yang aman untuk melindungi seluruh anggota tubuh saat melakukan kegiatan outdoor, seperti memakai pakaian lengan panjang (jacket), celana panjang (jeans), topi dan memakai alas kaki (sepatu) serta selalu waspada terhadap binatang berbisa seperti ular, kalajengking, kelabang, serangga, dsb

Subscribe to receive free email updates: